If you’ve ever tried to grow any plant from seed, you already know that the process is quite lengthy and time-consuming. On top of that, not every seed you plant will successfully develop, which makes this process quite frustrating. That’s why people commonly resort to cloning.
Even though it may sound super futuristic, plant cloning is actually quite a simple process. However, there are some things you’ll need to pay attention to when cloning. So, arm yourself with all the necessary knowledge before you begin and start growing your own cannabis garden.
The first thing you may ask yourself is – why cloning? The answer is quite simple. Usually, when choosing to clone a plant people do that because of the plant’s properties. By cloning a plant, you’ll ensure that you get another plant of the exact same quality. This means that there will be no surprises with the new plant. So, if you’re entirely satisfied with your plant and you want to have more of the same, your answer lies in cloning.
How to choose a plant?
When choosing a plant to clone you should, of course, pick a plant that has all the properties you’re looking for. You should choose a mother plant that’s strong, healthy and resilient. If you clone a weak plant, all of your clones will be weak as well. So, make sure that the mother plant is nice and strong. Moreover, keep in mind that female plants are usually the ones that are much more commonly cloned. So, if you take a clone off of a female plant, your clone will also be female.
The cutting process
The cutting process is a somewhat delicate act that needs to be done with precision and care. This process requires cleanliness and precision so make sure you get everything set up in advance. You’ll need to prepare a clean glass of water, rockwool cubes and planters, scissors and an exacto knife. Make sure you wash your hands and sterilize the equipment to avoid any contamination. When cutting off cannabis clones, you should look for new growth tips as they adjust faster to growing roots than the old growth. Cut off a branch that’s a few inches long at a 45° angle to maximize the stem’s feeding surface. If you’re cutting off more clones, place the ones you’ve cut into a glass of water until you’re finished to prevent drying. Ideally, you should use the exacto knife when cutting off the clone, as scissors can sometimes damage the stem, which may lead to failure. Since this process is quite delicate, you can also look for already grown cannabis clones and buy them instead. This way you will make the entire process of growing your own cannabis clone garden far easier and more enjoyable.
When planting the clones in soil, make sure you have at least a few sets of leaves that will be above the soil when the clone is planted. Of course, the clones should be planted in a nursery tray or rooting cubes and make sure you water them with pH-corrected water (5.5 – 6.5 pH). Avoid treating the clones with any growth hormones or other growth-supporting agents, especially if you’re growing medical cannabis. Also, do expect the clones to appear a bit withered in the beginning.
Cloning is quite a stressful process, particularly for the clones. That’s why many people are often hesitant to do all the things necessary to maximize growth. Even though it may appear to be counter-intuitive, you should trim the leaves of all of your clones as soon as you plant them in the nursing tray. This way you’re encouraging the clone to focus on root development rather than on the light intake. Additionally, this will also prevent the clones from overlapping. Next, make sure you put a humidity dome with some holes over the clones. This way you’ll ensure that the clones get enough humidity. Ideally, the clones should receive anywhere between 90-95% humidity in the first 48 hours, and 80-85% humidity during the first week. Misting them with water will also ensure they receive enough humidity, but make sure you’re not overwatering them.
Use the right lighting
Finally, cannabis plants enjoy being exposed to lots of light. That’s why you need to ensure they receive enough of it in order to grow and develop properly. When choosing light bulbs, you should focus on CFL light bulbs. If you choose to go with HID make sure you place them on a further than normal distance to avoid overexposure.
Once you’ve mastered all of these steps, you can focus on growing your cannabis clone garden. Of course, mastering the process of cloning will involve some trial and error. But if you’re patient and follow the guidelines, you’ll get there in no time.